This art form originated in Japan at the end of the Taisho era, around the 1910s, the forerunner being the "forbidden stitch" of China. At that time it was very difficult and required extensive training by master artist and their pupils (mostly men as women were not to do the art) became highly skilled in their profession. When completed,
pictures resemble delicately shaded paintings. It is
often known as "painting with thread" with the thread providing the
texture and the colors and workmanship providing the depth. The needle and thread used for Bunka took 10
years to perfect and is made easier by the use of new techniques. Bunka
“Boonka” as it is pronounced in Japan, means “cultural” and the name has
in place since the creation of the art form.